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Web Hosting introduction: Welcome and make sure to visit my website, christophedelsol.com. Today I will attempt to demystify Web Hosting for you. I will start with a brief introduction of the Internet.
Web Hosting Introduction: So before I talk about web hosting, what is the internet? The internet is made of servers. They’re kind of like your PC at home that has hardware and software on top of it. And all these machines communicate with each other using protocols like to see my website, you’re most likely using the HTTP protocol which is when you surf the web.
Web Hosting Introduction: email
To send and receive email, you will be using the SMTP POP3 protocol. So it’s basically a bunch of machines running software that communicate with each other using protocols. So how do you find things on the web? Every site pretty much as an IP address. Think of an IP address as your street address, your zip code, your town, your state. It’s a number. It’s really a series of 4 numbers separated by dots that recognize, that identify a unique website.
Web Hosting Introduction: IP address
Or your unique machine at home right now is using a unique IP address to say where you are at. So we don’t have to remember these numbers, we map names, easy to remember domain names to these IPs. That’s called the DNS resolution process and pretty much when you go to Google.com, you end up on the Google page. Well, it’s really an IP somewhere on a server on the web. Why do you need a hosting? As an affiliate marketer, you will need… you know, you might get away without hosting for in a while or when you begin especially but at one point, you will see the benefits of having a website.
So when you have a website, you will need to host that somewhere. You will need to put your website on the internet so other people can see it. So your website will be on the server, it will have an IP address and anybody can go there and see it. You need hosting for a website and email. What is internet hosting? What is web hosting? It’s basically a piece of the internet. You can think of it as your condo or your house or whatever… depending on the size, your mansion on the internet.
It’s basically a slice of a server, hardware and software and network that you have on the internet that anybody can come and see. What are the different types of hosting? You have basically 3 types of hosting plus a 4th that is kind of new. There is the shared hosting which is pretty much a server that is divided into 100 or sometimes even thousands of pieces and every customer has a little piece of that. Usually, on a shared hosting account, they’re pretty cheap. Hosting companies usually put hundreds or thousands of customers on it so it’s pretty risky because one customer can impact the entire server. But when you start, it could be a good solution. The next one up would be VPS or Virtual Private Server. On a Virtual Private Server, they divide a server into you know, between 4 and 20 and the separation are a lot stronger, very hard for one customer to bring down the entire server although possible.
Web Hosting Introduction: Dedicated servers
And then you have the dedicated server which is one server for you and your site or you and your multiple sites. And then the new way is the cloud hosting which is pretty much any combination of this with one more layer of virtualization where it’s not attached to one machine but multiple machines can provide, share, VPS or dedicated. So you have one more layer of virtualization to separate the software from the hardware. And the cloud typically, for when one server goes down, it doesn’t impact you that much because it’s still running on the other servers where here, a hardware failure could impact you until the hardware failure is solved. Basically, here are the choices between shared… so the shared is $3…$4 a month. Maybe $10… $20 a month max. VPS solutions are typically more for non-critical things because a high-end VPS can cost as much as a dedicated so you might as well go for a dedicated.
And then you have dedicated if you want no risk from other neighbors, risky neighbors, you get a dedicated server and you won’t have that risk. The only thing that could happen to you is a network issue with your provider or a hardware failure. In that case, they just change the hardware and you’re back up and running. The graph here shows that the more money you spend, the less risk you have. The less money you spend, the more risk you have. On a shared hosting account which is fine for 99% of the sites out there, you have more risk. If you have a website that’s making $20,000 a month and around Christmas, developer Bob decides to do some php and he’s a beginner and does some errors in his coding, it could potentially impact the full server. It might take the hosting company a couple of weeks to figure that out, figure out who is doing that problem, creating that problem and meanwhile, your site is impacted like around Christmas and you might be losing a lot of money every day.
So if your site is making a lot of money, you definitely want to be on dedicated. The more money your site makes, the more you want to spend on your hosting. So what are the selection criteria you have? On shared hosting, it’ll be disk space, the amount of space for your website and the network traffic you could use every month. Typically, you don’t have to worry about that. When you are beginning, most programs will be plenty enough for your disk space and your bandwidth. When you get into a dedicated server, your choice, your parameters will be the amount of RAM, the amount of memory, the power of your CPU, the power of the server, the number of instructions it can execute for a second, the disk configuration. Another criterion for selecting your hosting provider will be the features. So PHP, MySQL, whatever specificity of your website, if you have some, you want to validate those against the hosting provider.
Most of them will support WordPress, Drupal. You might want to check but usually, they will list that. One thing I always like is using a standard control panel. My favorite is cPanel so where I go you know, wherever company I deal with, if they use cPanel, it’s the same interface to manage my account so I don’t have to learn their own interface. So another important criterion to select a hosting provider, I would say the most important is recommendations.
Do you have a friend? Do you know somebody, for example, me? If I recommend a company that I use, is way more valuable than an advertisement you see on TV or their own website where they’re going to, of course, tell how great they are. One thing that I wanted to touch on briefly here, most times when you will see a managed server, it’s managed to a certain extent, you still need a webmaster or yourself to upgrade to a WordPress website or your Drupal website. Here are some final tips. If you see a company that’s not competent or you have to deal with the employee that’s not competent in that company, don’t waste your time. Get a different employee or move. As simple as that. There are plenty of good companies out there, plenty of people who are helping out there. The other thing I wanted to point out is, problems do happen. It doesn’t mean that it’s a bad company.
You might have experienced hardware problems on your PC. Well, a hosting company runs hundreds, if not, thousands of PCs. So problems do happen. It’s how they handle the problem that makes a difference. If a company doesn’t really care about it if they take forever if they don’t realize how critical it is you need to move on. That’s why it’s important, once you become a professional affiliate, to nearly always have some stuff hanging around there that you barely use – a dedicated server you’re playing with, you’re experimenting with. So if something happens, you can move out of there quick. I hope this helps and you’re understanding hosting. ‘Till next time. Take care. Bye-bye.
As found on Youtube